The National Military History Center | Lot 161

1942 Ford Universal Mk I, No. 3 Full-Track Carrier



$29,000 USD | Sold

United States | Auburn, Indiana

8 December 2012

Identification No.
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Manufacturer: Ford Motor Co. of Canada - Windsor, Ontario

Production Year: 1942

Engine: Ford, liquid-cooled, 85-hp eight-cylinder

Transmission: Four-speed: four forward, one reverse

Length: 12-feet, 4-inches

Width: 6-feet, 11-inches

Height: 6-feet, 1-inch

Weight: Approximately 5-tons (loaded)

Armor: Front hull: 10-mm, hull sides and rear: 7-mm

Armament: NONE on this example - Designed to be fitted with a .303 caliber Bren light machine gun

Maximum Road Speed: 30-mph

Crew: Up to six

Markings: Captured vehicle as used by the German Army, Light Panzerjaeger (tank-hunter) Unit

The British Army’s demand for tracked carriers of the Bren and Scout types as well as other specialized roles reached a peak in 1940. To meet the ever growing demand, the British Army proposed that all future vehicles in this class be built to a standardized design, any special requirements to be met by minor modifications. Designated Carrier, Universal, Mark I, this vehicle remained (with minor production changes) the standard combat carrier throughout World War II. The general construction of the hull of the Universal was a combination of both the earlier Bren and Scout carriers, but with armor protection on both sides, the earlier vehicles only having armor plate on one side---right on the scout, left on the Bren. The Universal now had two rear compartments, split by the engine. Armament varied from the standard Bren light or Vickers medium machine gun, .55 caliber Boys anti-tank rifle, and a popular field conversion utilizing the US built M2 .50 caliber machine gun. A mortar carrier and an armored observation post version were also produced. This example is not fitted with armament. Britain produced over 40,000 units, with Ford of Canada, as displayed, contributing about 29,000. The US built 14,000 of the similar Ford T16.

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